An academic journal article: How do I write the reference list entry?


Martin-Rios, C., & Ciobanu, T. (2019). Hospitality innovation strategies: An analysis of success factors and challengesTourism Management70, 218-229.

Author – WHO? Use the family name followed by the initial letter of the first name. Use the ampersand “&” before the family name of the last author in the list. Check you have included the commas “,” and periods “.” in the correct place.

Date – WHEN? Write the year of publication of the article enclosed in parentheses (  ). Check you have included the period “.” in the correct place.

WHAT: Write the title of the article. Use sentence style capitalization, meaning the initial letter of the first word should be capitalized, following words should be lower case. If there is a period *.” or colon “:” in the title of the article, the initial letter of the following word should be capitalized. The names of people, countries and so on should have an initial capital letter. End the title with a period “.”.

Source – WHERE? Write the name of the journal in italics. Each main word in the journal title should be capitalized. The volume number of the journal should be in italics. The issue number is in normal font (not italicized) and enclosed in parentheses (  ). Write the page numbers of the beginning and end of the article, separated by a hyphen “-“. End with a period “.”.

Corresponding in-text citation styles

Parenthetical citation: The hospitality industry will expand by 3% (Martin-Rios & Ciobanu, 2019).

Narrative citation: Martin-Rios and Ciobanu predict that the hospitality industry will expand by 3% (2019).

For more information, see

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.), pp. 261-263.

American Psychological Association. (n.d). Reference examples – journal. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples#journal