Principles of reference list entries


amuhith. (2020, February). Lovely place, food n value just round the corner from Winton High street. Been coming here for years with my family. Restaurant_Review-g186262-d5814505-Reviews-The_Bay_Tree-Bournemouth_Dorset_England.html

Hassanien, A & Dale, C. (2019). Hospitality business development(2nd ed.). Routledge.

Martin-Rios, C., & Ciobanu, T. (2019). Hospitality innovation strategies: An analysis of success factors and challenges. Tourism Management, 70(2), 218-229.

Motivation2Study. (2019, August 19). 4 tips to improve your public speaking – how to captivate an audience [Video]. YouTube.–Yc

The Caterer. (2018, April 22). The Caterer’s 40 trends: food.

The four elements of a reference

A reference list entry usually has four elements: author, date, title, source. Each element answers a question:

Author: Who is responsible for this work?

Date: When was this work published?

Title: What is this work called?

Source: Where can I retrieve this work?

Identifying these four elements and answering these four questions will help you create a reference for any source, even if you do not have an example which exactly matches your source.

For more information about this topic, see

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.), p. 283, section 9.4 Four elements of a reference and p. 303, section 9.43 Format of the reference list.

American Psychological Association. (n.d). Basic principles of reference list entries.